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MateBEAN> PETISI FRONT PEMUDA NASIONAL TIMOR TIMUR
PETISI FRONT PEMUDA NASIONAL TIMOR TIMUR
JAKARTA (MateBEAN, 12/2/98), Guna melengkapi berita aksi 1250 pemuda Timor
Timur di Gedung depertemen Luar Negeri, Pejambon, Jakarta pada Jumat (12/6)
pagi; Redaksi sengaja memuat petisi mereka secara lengkap.***
East Timor National Youth Front
REFERENDUM: TOWARDS A JUST SOLUTION
The ideals of the Indonesian nation, as poured in the first paragraph of the
1945 Constitution, are lofty ideals formulated by the founders of the
Indonesian republic to direct the people to achieve independence as
prodaimed on 17 Aug,ust 1945.
The ideals and struggle ofthe East Timorese Youth to achieve what we think
as right for the East Timorese society, are ideals that by no means
contradict the lofty ideals of the Indonesian nation nor the internatioml
norms. Our struggle is an expression of moral responsibility of every East
Timorese. However, the struggte of the East Timorese people to
self-determination has to face conflicts of political interests, imposed by
the New Order regime in 1975.
The conflict in East Timor has caused continous suffering. The awkward
position taken by the Indonesian government that never wants to touch the
substantial part of the issue (the right to self-determination), has been a
huge problem to find a solution to the question of East Timor. This
position, as expressed in the repetitious argument that the question of East
Timor is an internal problem, clearly contradicts the real condition. The
question is still being debated in international fora, and in East Timor
itselfnthere is an on going people's struggle at several fronts (diplomatic,
clandestine and armed guerillas).
Reflecting on the dark history of the Indonesian military invasion on 7
December 1975, the struggle of the East Timorese people against occupation,
and also the reform movement nowadays in Indonesia, we the youth of East
Timor, organized under the East Timor National Youth Front urge and demand
the Indonesian government and all concerned parties that have direct or
indirect interest in East Timor to take concrete steps and to contribute to
the solution ofthe question of East Timor.
1. That the military invasion by the Indonesian government on 7 December
1975 was a violation of the right of the East Timorese people to
self-determ1nation, as ruled and protected by several international
judicial instruments, such as the United Nations Charter, the UNGA
Resolution 1514 (XV) 14 December 1960 or the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to the Colonial Countries and Peoples, and the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the UNGA Resolution 1541 (XV),
15 December 1960.
2. That the military invasion to East Timor by the Indonesian government was
a violation ofthe UNGA Resolution Nr. 3485 (XXN, 12 December 1975, and the
UN Security Council Resolution Nr. 384, 12 December 1975 that provides the
rights of East Timorese people to self-determination and the right to be a
free nation. Both resolutions are in accordance with the spirit of the UN
Charter and the Dedaration on the Granting of Independence to the Colonial
Countries and Peoples.
3. That both resolutions clearly condemned the invasion to East Timor by the
Indonesian government, and demanded the Indonesian government to withdraw
its forces from East Timor.
4. That both resolutions granted the right to Portugal to act as the
administering power in East Timor since 1975 until now to proceed with the
abrupted decolonization process of East Timor.
5. That the military invasion to East Timor is a violation of the 1945
Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. As a consequence the Law No.
7/1976 that legalized the 'integration' of East Timor into the Republic of
Indonesia, is also a violation of the 1945 Constitution.
6. That the military invasion to East Timor has caused heavy losses, a large
number of East Timorese civilians, Indonesian military personnels, the
destruction of properties and culture. The invasion and occupation of East
Timor is also an economic burden for the Indonesian people, due to its high
Based on these considerations, the East Timor National Youth Front
To the Government of Indonesia:
1. To revoke the Law No. 7/1976 that legalized the 'integration' of East
Timor into the Republic of Indonesia, since the law clearly negates the
spirit of the first paragraph of the 1945 Constitution. The law is also a
negation to the spirit of anti-colonialism that is clearly embodied in the
international judicial instruments, such as the UN Charter, the Declaration
on the Granting of Independence to the Colonial Countries and Peoples, and
specifically ten resolutions by the UN General Assembly and UN Security
Council on the question of East Timor since 1975.
2. To immediately withdraw ABRI personnels from East Timor, because the
presence of ABRI in the region is a proof to the illegal occupation of East
Timor and contradicts all Judicial instruments mentioned above.
3. To immediately open a serious dialogue on the political status of East
Timor, and to accept tbe presence of Xanana Gusmao, the leader ofthe East
Timorese resistance and other figures of the resistance movement in a new
format of dialogue which is an improvement of the tripartite forum.
4. To immediately release all political prisoner and detainees, including
Xanana Gusmao in the context of finding a solution to the question of East
Timor. Xanana Gusmao has to be included in the dialogue between the
Portuguese and Indonesian Ministers of Foreign Affairs, under the auspices
of the UN Secretary General.
5. To revoke the Timor Gap agreement that has been signed been the
Indonesian government and the Australian government. As a consequence, all
operations in the Timor Gap has to be stopped immediately.
6. To stop divide et impera practices that have been conducted in East Timor
for 23 years.
To the United Nations:
1. To immediately implement all UN resolutions of the question of East Timar.
2. To immediately reform the tripartite forum and to build a new forum of
dialogue that provides space and participation of the representative oh the
East Timorese resistance, Xanana Gusmao, and the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize
laureates, Mgr Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, SDB and Jose Ramos Horta.
3. To urge the Indonesian to discuss the politicai substance of the question
of East Timor in the new forum of dialogue.
4. To urge the Indonesian government to prepare the implementation of a
referendum in order to know the real political aspirations of the East
5. To immdiately conduct investigation to all forms of human rights
violations during the occupation of East Timor, and to open an office of the
UN Human Rights Commission in East Timor and UN Special Representative for
East Timor, to prepare the implementation of a referendum in East Timor.
To the International Community:
1. To immediately stop all military aid to the Indonesian govermnent, such
as the IMET program of the United States.
2. To urge the Indonesian govemment to immediately implement all demands
stated in this petition.
To the Pro-Democracy Community of Indonesia:
1. To immediately urge the Indonesian Government to implement all demands
stated in this petition to enter a referendum process for self determination
of the East Timorese people. A referendum is also a part of the "total
reform" that is being fought now in Indonesia.
To the People of East Timor:
1. Unite our steps and spirits, and unite our ranks to enter a national
reconciliation process in the transition period. A referendum is a step that
will lead us to Independence.
Viva the Indonesian Reform!
Viva The People of East Timor!
Viva The People of Indonesia that Support Referendum for East Timor!
Referendum for a Peaceful Victory!
Jakarta, 12 June 1998
East Timor National Youth Front